Sunday, January 23, 2011


The next sequence is as follows:
  च, चा, चि, ची, चु, चू, चे, चै, चो, चौ, चं, च:
ch, cha, chi, chii, chu, chuu, che, chai, cho, chou, cham, chaha.

 (Please note that the English reading of  च  and  छ  will be
similar,so please dont be confused.In Hindi, it will be
'ch' of  'chance').

  छ, छा, छि, छी, छु, छू, छे, छै, छो, छौ, छं, छ:
chh, chha, chhi, chhii, chhu, chhuu, chhe, chhai, chho, chhou, chham, chhaha.

   ज, जा, जि, जी, जु, जू, जे, जै, जो, जौ, जं, ज:
  ja, jaa, ji, jii, ju, juu, je, jai, jo, jau, jam, jaha

  झ, झा, झि, झी, झु, झू, झे, झै, झो, झौ, झं, झ:
  jha, jhaa, jhi, jhii, jhu, jhuu, jhe, jhai, jho, jhaou, jham, jhaha

 Now,next set will be as follows:
 ट, टा, टि, टी, टू, टू, टे, टै, टो, टौ, टं,ट:
 ta, taa, ti, tii, tu, tuu, te, tai, to, tou, tm, taha

Once again,please note that the English reading of  ट  and  त  will
be the same,so pleqase dont get confused. Here the reading of  ट
will be that of  'ta' in 'turkey'.

  ठ, ठा, ठि, ठी, ठु, ठू, ठे, ठै, ठो, ठौ, ठं, ठ:
  tha, thaa, thi, thii, thu, thuu, the, thai, tho, thaou, thm, thaha.

Here also,the English reading of ठ  and थ will be the same.
However the  'ठ'  here sounds like the 't' of 'turn',if the 't' is spoken with a forceful thrust.

  ड, डा, डि, डी, डु, डू, डे, डै, डो, डौ, डं, ड:
  da, daa, di, dee, du, duu, de, dai, do, dau, dm, daha

Once again, ड and द will be written similarly in English. The  ड here is
spoken as 'd' of the word 'drug'.

  ढ, ढा, ढि, ढी, ढु, ढू, ढे, ढै, ढो, ढौ, ढं, ढ:
ddha, ddhaa, ddhi, ddhee, ddhu, ddhuu, ddhe, ddhai, ddho, ddhaou, ddham, ddhaha
Why I have written a double 'd' is that you must slightly stress on that 'd' to make it
sound a little harsh.

So,enough for today.Please practise these,before we move on to the next ones.
Happy practising!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Tuesday, January 11, 2011


The sequence of writing the consonants, joined with the vowels,
is known as Barahkhadi
The first line of consonants are as follows:
  क, का, कि, की, कु, कू, के, कै, को, कौ, कं, क:
  ख, खा, खि, खी, खु, खू, खे, खै,खो, खौ, खं, ख:
  ग, गा, गि, गी, गु, गू, गे, गै, गो, गौ, गं, ग:
  घ, घा, घि, घी, घु, घू, घे, घै, घो, घौ, घं, घ:
 The alphabetdoes not have the various vowel sounds.
  These barakhadis help in the formation of words.So,knowing them is essential.
  Keep practising....


Tuesday, January 4, 2011

Lets Start with the Basics! -- 3

Now that we know the consonants and vowels,lets learn to join them.
This is done to make the various sounds required.Now,we know that the vowels are: अ , आ, इ, ई, उ, ऊ, ए, ऐ, ओ, औ, अं, अ:
If you have not read my previous posts about consonants, click here 

We must now add each of these above sounds to each of the consonants to forms sound words:
(1)The first consonant is : क.
          (a) It already has the sound of the first vowel अ in it.
               So,it will be written as क itself.
               As the sound "ka" in the words, colour,come,etc.
          (b) Add the next vowel आ to this consonant.
               So, क + आ = का (kaa) .
               As the  sound "kaa" in the words, calm, cart,etc.
          (c) Now the next vowel,which is इ. Add it to क ,which
                becomes 'ki',which is written as:
                क + इ = कि (ki).
                As you can see,there is a straight line before the क
                and a small arc,overhead, joining the line and
                the क . This is also called 'choti ki ' or 'small ki'.
                As the sound "ki" in king, kilo, etc.
          (d) Now comes the next vowel, ई .Add it to क
                to become 'kii':
                क + ई = की (kii).
                Here,there is a straight line after the क ,and an
                arc overhead, joining the line and the क . 
                It is also called 'badi kii' or 'big kii'.
                As in the sound of words like, keep, keen, etc.
          (e) Next comes the vowel उ . Add it to क to become 'ku'.
               क + उ = कु  (ku) .
               Here,there is a small arc below the क .
               As in the sound of the words,  kudos, kung-fu, etc.
          (f) Next is the vowel ऊ .Add it to क to become 'kuu'.
               क + ऊ = कू (kuu)
               Here, there is a small arc below क ,but in the opposite
               direction of what it was for 'small ku'.
               As in the sound of words like, cool,coop,etc.
          (g) Next is the vowel ए. Add it to क to become 'ke'.
               क + ए = के (ke)
               Here,there is a short,slanting line above the क .
               Please note that there is no line above the
               alphabet in the original vowel.
               As in the sound of the words,cake, cane, etc.
          (h) Next vowel is ऐ .Add it to क to become 'kai'
               क + ऐ = कै (kai).
               As you can see,even though in the original vowel,there
               is only one line above the alphabet, when we add it to a
               consonant,we draw two lines above the alphabet.
               As in the sound of the words like, casino,cashier,etc.
          (i) Next vowel is ओ .Add it to क to become 'ko'.
               क + ओ = को (ko)
               So,there is a straight line after क  and above
               that straight line is a short slanting line.
               As in the sound of words like, core,cope,etc.
          (j) Next vowel is औ .Add it to क to become 'kaw'.
               क + औ = कौ (kaw)
               Like in the last alphabet,here again,we add a
               straight line after the क ,and above that
               straight line,we draw two small slanting lines.
               As in the sound of words like,caw, kaolin.
         (k)Next in the line is अं.Add it to क to become 'kam'
              क + अं = कं (kam)
              Here , there is the presence of a dot above क
              It is pronounced exactly like the word 'come'.
          (l) Next is the vowel अ: .Add it to क  to become 'kaha'
               क + अ: = क: (kaha)
               Here,there is a colon mark after क .
               No English equivalent sound for this alphabet.

          So, the entire sequence will be:
                क, का, कि, की, कु, कू, के, कै, को, कौ, कं, क:
In a similar way,all the vowels can be added to each and every consonant.
In my next post,I will show you the series of the first line of consonants.
Until then,Happy Practising !!!!!!!!  :-)